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German parties respond to Macron on Europe

Macron has been forced to wait for months for a concrete response from Merkel.

BERLIN: German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s conservatives and the Social Democrats pledged Friday to work closely with France to strengthen the eurozone, in Berlin’s first substantive response to President Emmanuel Macron’s EU reform proposals. In a 28-page policy document agreed after all-night talks between the German parties, they backed the idea of an “investment budget” for the single currency bloc and turning the ESM bailout mechanism into a full-blown European Monetary Fund under parliamentary control and anchored in EU law.

“Together, we are determined to use Germany’s strength, both economically and politically, to make Europe a grand project again,” said Martin Schulz, leader of the SPD, at a news conference with Merkel after the marathon talks. “This is our common goal.”

The agreement was welcomed by France and the European Commission, where concerns have mounted in recent months that the window for reforming Europe could close without a German breakthrough.

“This deal is important for the stability and future of Franco-German relations, but especially Europe,” French government spokesman Benjamin Griveaux said.

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker called it a “significant, positive, forward-looking contribution” to the European policy debate. The document agreed Friday is expected to form the basis for formal coalition talks between the parties that could begin later this month and be concluded by March.

Merkel’s first attempt to form what Germans refer to as a “Jamaica” coalition with the Greens and Free Democrats (FDP) collapsed in November.

“This is far better than what ‘Jamaica’ wanted to do. Good opening for DE-FR cooperation,” tweeted Henrik Enderlein, director of the Jacques Delors Institut Berlin, a think tank. “But the devil is in the detail on these issues. So the key negotiations are still ahead.”

Macron was elected last May on a promise to overhaul the EU, shaken by nearly a decade of financial turmoil, the refugee crisis of 2015 and Britain’s decision, a year later, to leave the bloc. The shift to “America First” policies under President Donald Trump has also bolstered the case for reform.

Days after the German election in September, Macron spelled out sweeping proposals in a speech in Paris, calling for a eurozone budget to help the bloc cope with external economic shocks and closer cooperation on defense and migration.

But he has been forced to wait for months for a concrete response from Merkel, who has come under mounting criticism at home and abroad for her plodding reaction to Macron, aggravated by her struggle to form a new government.

In the document, the German parties called for “a new awakening for Europe” and pledged to work closely with France to achieve this, but remained vague on the details.

“In close partnership with France, we want to sustainably strengthen and reform the eurozone so the euro can better withstand global crises,” the parties said.

They promised to devote “specific budget funds” to the economic stabilization of the single currency bloc and to support “social convergence” and structural reforms, saying this could form the basis of a future “investment budget.”

The document urged Europe to take its fate into its own hands in response to U.S. policy shifts under Trump and the challenges posed by a stronger China and more aggressive Russia. It also stressed the crucial role of Franco-German cooperation in that process, saying a renewal of the EU could only succeed if Germany and France “work together with all their strength.”

The document made no mention of Brexit or of European plans to complete its so-called “banking union,” a vital project aimed at removing the link between troubled banks and sovereigns that has plagued countries like Ireland, Spain and Italy.

Merkel vowed at a summit of EU leaders last month to finalize joint positions on Europe with Macron by March.

But that will likely depend on whether she can build on the policy document agreed Friday over the coming months and forge what would be her third “grand coalition” with the SPD.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on January 13, 2018, on page 6.

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