Middle East

Saudis show growing independence from U.S.

A handout picture provided by the Saudi Press Agency (SPA) on March 26, 2015 shows Saudi Defence Minister Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (R) receiving Yemeni President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi upon his arrival at an airbase in the Saudi capital Riyadh. AFP PHOTO / SPA / HO

WASHINGTON: Saudi Arabia kept some key details of its military action in Yemen from Washington until the last moment, U.S. officials said, as the kingdom takes a more assertive regional role to compensate for perceived U.S. disengagement.

The Middle East’s top oil power told the U.S. weeks ago it was weighing action in Yemen but only informed Washington of the exact details just before Thursday’s airstrikes against Iran-allied Houthi rebels, the officials said.

U.S. President Barack Obama’s Middle East policy increasingly relies on surrogates rather than direct U.S. military involvement.

He is training Syrian rebels to take on the government of President Bashar Assad and this week launched airstrikes to back up Iraqi forces trying to retain the city of Tikrit.

To Obama’s Republican critics, he is ceding the traditional U.S. leadership role.

The White House denies it is disengaging from the region and says it has been in close contact with the Saudis over their plans in recent days.

Though the Saudis spoke with top U.S. officials as they debated an air assault in support of Yemeni President Abed Rabbou Mansour Hadi, U.S. officials acknowledged gaps in their knowledge of the kingdom’s battle plans and objectives.

Asked when he was told by Saudi Arabia that it would take military action in Yemen, Gen. Lloyd Austin, the head of the U.S. military’s Central Command, told a Senate hearing on Thursday that he spoke with Saudi Arabia’s chief of defense “right before they took action.”

He added that he couldn’t assess the likelihood of the campaign succeeding because he didn’t know the “specific goals and objectives.”

Adel al-Jubeir, Saudi Arabia’s ambassador to the United States, said Riyadh consulted closely with Washington on Yemen – but ultimately decided it had to act quickly as Houthi rebels moved toward Hadi’s last redoubt in the southern city of Aden.

“The concern was, if Aden falls, then what do you do?”Jubeir told a small group of reporters Thursday. “The concern was that the situation was so dire you had to move.”

Saudi Arabia’s airstrikes point toward an aspiration to defend its regional interests with less reliance on the U.S. security umbrella that has long been the main thrust of Washington’s relations with the oil-rich kingdom.

Riyadh has been growing increasingly assertive since early 2011, when Washington’s reluctance to back former Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak in the face of mass protests led the Saudis to doubt its commitment to traditional Arab allies.

Obama’s decision in summer 2013 not to bomb Syria after the use of poison gas there, coupled with its sudden announcement that it had conducted secret nuclear talks with Riyadh’s nemesis Iran, further alarmed the Saudis.

“If the operation is successful, I think we will see a major turn in Saudi foreign policy. It’s going to be assertive, become more aggressive in dealing with the Iranian expansionism,” said Mustafa Alani, an Iraqi security analyst with ties to the Saudi Interior Ministry.

The Obama administration is reluctant to get drawn into direct military action in another Arab conflict when it is already facing daunting challenges in Syria and Iraq.

The worsening Yemen conflict forced Washington to evacuate all remaining U.S. special forces from the country, further undermining the U.S. campaign of drone strikes against the most lethal branch of Al-Qaeda based there.

Sunni Saudi Arabia’s intervention in Yemen is the latest front in a growing regional contest for power with Iran that is also playing out in Syria, where Tehran backs Assad’s government, and Iraq, where Iranian-backed Shiite militias are playing a major role in fighting.

While U.S. officials have downplayed the scope of the relationship between Iran and Yemen’s Houthis, Jubeir said members of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps and Iranian-backed Hezbollah are on the ground advising the Houthis.

One senior U.S. official described Riyadh’s operation as a “panic response” to the fast-deteriorating situation in Yemen that the Saudis feared could spill over its border.

The official, speaking on condition of anonymity, suggested that the 10-nation Saudi-led coalition had been patched together so quickly that its effectiveness was in doubt.

The White House says it will not join directly in military operations in Yemen, but has set up a cell to coordinate U.S. military and intelligence support to the operation.

But U.S. officials said they were sharing intelligence information on a limited basis so far.

U.S. officials said they discussed the deteriorating situation in Yemen with Saudi Arabia over the course of recent weeks.

Secretary of State John Kerry discussed Yemen at length during a March 5 visit to Riyadh, but it was “not clear [whether the Saudis] had made any decisions about potential action at that point,” said a senior U.S. official who spoke on condition of anonymity.

“We had been talking with the Saudis throughout the course of the last several days about what they were thinking and what type of support we could render with regards to their actions in Yemen,” U.S. National Security Council spokeswoman Bernadette Meehan said.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on March 28, 2015, on page 9.




Your feedback is important to us!

We invite all our readers to share with us their views and comments about this article.

Disclaimer: Comments submitted by third parties on this site are the sole responsibility of the individual(s) whose content is submitted. The Daily Star accepts no responsibility for the content of comment(s), including, without limitation, any error, omission or inaccuracy therein. Please note that your email address will NOT appear on the site.

Alert: If you are facing problems with posting comments, please note that you must verify your email with Disqus prior to posting a comment. follow this link to make sure your account meets the requirements. (http://bit.ly/vDisqus)

comments powered by Disqus



Interested in knowing more about this story?

Click here