Middle East

Egypt’s Sisi asks for U.S. help in fighting terrorism

An Egyptian national residing in Saudi Arabia holds a T-shirt with an image of presidential canditade Ex-army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, as he waits to cast his vote at the Egyptian embassy in Riyadh, on May 15, 2014. (AFP PHOTO/FAYEZ NURELDINE)

CAIRO: Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi, the general who ousted an elected Islamist president and is set to become Egypt’s next head of state, called on the United States to help fight jihadi terrorism to avoid the creation of new Afghanistans in the Middle East.

In his first interview with an international news organization in the run-up to the May 26-27 vote, Sisi called for the resumption of U.S. military aid, worth $1.3 billion a year, which was partially frozen after a crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood.

Asked what message he had for U.S. President Barack Obama, Sisi replied: “We are fighting a war against terrorism.”

“The Egyptian army is undertaking major operations in the Sinai so it is not transformed into a base for terrorism that will threaten its neighbors and make Egypt unstable. If Egypt is unstable, then the entire region is unstable,” a quietly spoken Sisi said, wearing a dark civilian suit.

“We need American support to fight terrorism, we need American equipment to use to combat terrorism,” he said.

Sisi said the West must understand that terrorism would reach its doorstep unless it helped eradicate it.

“The West has to pay attention to what’s going on in the world – the map of extremism and its expansion. This map will reach you inevitably,” he said.

In a sideswipe at Western policy on Syria, where U.S. and European support for rebels fighting for three years to bring down President Bashar Assad has seen a proliferation of jihadism and the fragmentation of the country, Sisi stressed the need to maintain the unity of Syria.

“Otherwise, we will see another Afghanistan,” he said. “I don’t think you want to create another Afghanistan in the region.”

Islamists and the Egyptian state are old enemies. Militants assassinated President Anwar al-Sadat in 1981 because of his Camp David 1979 peace treaty with Israel. Ousted president Hosni Mubarak also survived assassination attempts by jihadis.

Sisi said the army had been forced to intervene by a popular uprising against the Brotherhood’s partisan rule.

“The more time passes, the more the vision gets clearer to everyone. People and the world realize what happened in Egypt was the will of all of the Egyptian people,” Sisi said at a hotel partly owned by the army.

“The army could not have abandoned its people or there would have been a civil war, and we don’t know where that would have taken us. We understand the American position. We hope that they understand ours.”

The Brotherhood was banned as a terrorist organization in December. Former President Mohammad Morsi, ousted in July after mass protests, is facing capital charges, while the group’s spiritual guide, Mohammad Badie, has been sentenced to death along with hundreds of Brotherhood supporters.

The past nine months have also seen a rekindling of jihadi insurgency in the lawless Sinai Peninsula, with numerous lethal attacks on targets in Egypt’s cities. Several hundred policemen and soldiers were killed in attacks last year after the government killed hundreds of Morsi’s supporters in August in the bloodiest crackdown in Egypt’s modern history.

Sisi, treated as a savior in a personality cult that grew after his overthrow of Morsi last July, said he was conscious of the challenges facing Egypt after more than three years of turmoil since Mubarak’s overthrow.

But he dismissed the idea of a U.S.-style, 100-day policy blitz to give Egyptians the bread, freedom, security and social justice they yearn for.

“The truth is, 100 days is not enough. The challenges present in Egypt are so many,” Sisi said. “I believe that within two years of serious, continuous work, we can achieve the type of improvement Egyptians are looking for.”

Political turmoil and violence have hammered Egypt’s economy, which the government forecasts will grow only up to 2.5 percent this fiscal year. The Egyptian pound has hit record lows, weakened by the absence of foreign investors and tourists.

“We have to admit that the economic situation in Egypt is difficult, and not just over the last three years. Egyptians were aspiring to a more stable life than the reality we are living in. More than 50 percent of the Egyptian people suffer from poverty. There is a lot of unemployment,” Sisi said.

Gulf states poured billions of dollars in aid into Egypt to prop up the economy after Sisi toppled the Brotherhood. Sisi would not predict when Egypt would no longer need that aid, but said Egypt needed to stand on its own feet.

“We don’t see this as a good thing, frankly, and hope it ends as soon as possible.”

He said relations between Egypt and Israel, which have a peace treaty together, have been stable for over 30 years despite many challenges.

“We respected it [the peace treaty] and we will respect it. The Israeli people know this. ... The question of whether we would be committed to the peace treaty is over with,” he said.

Sisi is expected to easily win the election this month. The only other candidate is leftist politician Hamdeen Sabahi.

If Sisi is elected president, he would become the latest in a line of Egyptian rulers drawn from the military since the army toppled the monarchy in 1952 – a pattern briefly interrupted by Morsi’s one year in office.

Underscoring the military’s long-standing hostility to the Brotherhood, Sisi said the group had become irrelevant in Egyptian society and ruled out any reconciliation with the oldest and most powerful Islamist movement in the Middle East.

“They lost their connection with Egyptians,” Sisi said, accusing them of violence, which the group denies.

“Unjustified violence toward Egyptians made them not only lose sympathy among Egyptians, but also meant they have no real chance of reconciliation with society.”

An Islamist insurgency has been growing since Morsi’s overthrow. Sisi said there had been two plots to kill him.

The world knew little of Sisi, Mubarak’s head of military intelligence, before he appeared on TV on July 3 to announce Morsi’s removal after massive protests by those who accused him of exceeding his powers and mismanaging the economy.

In a country where protests have helped oust two presidents in three years, Sisi must deliver quick results, especially on the economy, which suffers from a weak currency, high unemployment, a bloated public sector and a widening budget deficit.

Aside from security cooperation with the West to fight Islamist extremism, Sisi said Washington’s aspiration to usher in democracy to Egypt and elsewhere could be done through economic and educational cooperation, by granting scholarships and creating projects that could resolve youth unemployment.

“You want to create democracy in many countries. This is a good thing, but it won’t succeed in the way it is needed except through good economic support and proper support for education.”

“Are you ready to open your countries for us for more education that won’t be expensive, to send the intelligent ones among our children to be educated in your countries, to see and learn. This is a way of developing and supporting democracy.”

“Democracy is not only to educate the youth but to create an appropriate atmosphere to make this democracy work. Are you ready for this? Are you ready to provide opportunities in a country like Egypt for people to work so that poverty eases?”

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on May 16, 2014, on page 10.




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