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Turkey’s finance minister claims central bank still independent

ISTANBUL: Turkey’s central bank is independent of government and will take all necessary steps to combat inflation, Finance Minister Berat Albayrak told Reuters, defending an institution that has not raised its benchmark rate in nearly three months despite a currency crisis. Albayrak also said he did not expect any problems in the banking sector, in stark contrast to recent warnings from ratings agencies that the lira sell-off could weaken lenders’ assets. In the event of a problem at banks, Ankara would be willing to step in with support, he said.

The lira has fallen some 40 percent against the dollar so far this year, hit by concerns about President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s control over monetary policy and a worsening diplomatic rift with the United States.

Economists say the central bank needs to hike rates decisively to rein in double-digit inflation and support the currency. Erdogan, a self-described “enemy of interest rates,” wants low rates to keep a credit-fuelled growth boom going.

“The central bank in Turkey has been maybe more independent than those in other countries,” Albayrak, Erdogan’s son-in-law, said in an interview at a 19th century mansion overlooking the Bosphorus in Istanbul. The bank will take steps “to continue this independence,” he said.

Turkey has reached a point where it requires a “full-fledged fight against inflation,” Albayrak said.

The central bank, which holds its next meeting on Sept. 13, said Monday it will adjust its monetary stance given “significant risks” to price stability, a rare move to calm markets after inflation surged to its highest in nearly fifteen years.

At its last meeting in July, the central bank left rates on hold, confounding market expectations and sending the lira sharply weaker.

It plunged as low as 7.24 to the dollar in mid-August. Monday it traded at 6.62 at 11:09 a.m. GMT, around 1 pct weaker on the day. Albayrak’s appointment two months ago as treasury and finance minister has cemented the perception that the economy and monetary policy are now fully under Erdogan’s control.

Albayrak was visiting London Monday for talks with Britain’s finance minister Philip Hammond, part of Turkey’s efforts to strengthen relations with Europe’s main economic powers as a dispute with Washington shows no sign of easing. He was in Paris last week and will go to Germany next week.

Relations with the United States, a NATO ally and major trading partner, have soured over a series of issues including Turkey’s detention of an American Christian pastor on terrorism charges and the U.S. sentencing of an executive from Turkish state bank Halkbank for busting sanctions on Iran. Adding to the friction, the U.S. Treasury is investigating Halkbank for violating Iran sanctions. The bank has said all of its transactions were legal.

Turkey hired a U.S. law firm to look into Halkbank’s dealings with Iran and found that it did not violate U.S. sanctions, Albayrak said, adding Ankara does not expect the bank to face any fine.

“As a result of a monthslong independent examination, it has been established that the bank had not violated primary and secondary U.S. sanctions against Iran,” he said.

Referring to Turkey’s wider dispute with the United States, Albayrak said Washington had taken it to a point that did not benefit “the U.S. state or people.”

For years, Turkish firms have borrowed in dollars and euros, drawn by lower interest rates.

The currency slump has driven up the cost of servicing that debt and investors fear that banks could now be hit by a wave of bad loans. Around $179 billion of Turkey’s external debt matures in the year to July 2019, according to JPMorgan estimates. Most of that – around $146 billion – is owed by the private sector.

Ratings agencies Moody’s and Fitch both sounded alarm about the outlook for banks last week, with Fitch estimating that banks’ foreign-currency lending now stood at around 43 percent of all loans.

“I have no reason to be worried at this stage. But we are aware how important the banking sector is. We are in a close coordination and cooperation with our banks and the [banking watchdog] BDDK,” Albayrak said. “We are not expecting any problems in the banking sector, but in case of a problem, we will support them in every way.”

He also dismissed concerns about debt, including in the private sector.

He said the current account deficit will be “considerably below” forecasts by year-end and “much stronger” in 2019.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on September 04, 2018, on page 4.

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