Iran in talks with U.K. over jetliner export funding

PARIS: Iran is in talks with Britain’s export credit agency to facilitate the financing of aircraft sales to state airline IranAir as part of its pact with world powers to lift sanctions over its nuclear program, a senior Iranian official said. IranAir’s plan to buy more than 180 jets from Airbus and Boeing is the most visible deal on the table after major powers last year lifted most sanctions on Iran in return for restrictions on its nuclear activities.

But financing for the purchases has been hard to secure because most Western banks are holding back, concerned about the future of the 2015 agreement after U.S. President Donald Trump called it a bad deal and ordered a review.

So far, IranAir has taken delivery of just three Airbus jets, for which it paid cash, industry sources say.

Deputy Roads and Urban Development Minister Asghar Fakhrieh-Kashan said the U.K.’s export credit arm, U.K. Export Finance (UKEF), had tentatively offered support for least some Airbus jets built in Britain, France, Germany and Spain. It could also offer some support to Airbus’ U.S. rival, Boeing, he added. “We have received some offers from UKEF, that is under review by Iran,” Fakhrieh-Kashan told Reuters.

Two aircraft industry sources who asked not to be named also confirmed talks were taking place.

UKEF and both major plane-makers declined to comment.

Countries in parts of the world where banks won’t invest often turn to European and U.S. governments for export credits or loan insurance when they want to buy big-ticket items like aircraft from those countries’ companies.

About 6 percent of aircraft deliveries depend on such support, which removes some but not all of the risks banks face in lending to airlines with poor credit, helping to grease the wheels of trade.

This fallback system has been frozen for more than a year, however, as European agencies demand more controls after Airbus acknowledged making faulty applications for U.K. aid, triggering a fraud probe, and UKEF’s equivalent in Washington, the Export-Import Bank (EXIM), faced a battle over its future.

U.S. President Donald Trump hinted in his campaign he might get rid of the EXIM Bank, which some conservative members of Congress have argued perpetuates cronyism. He has since talked up the benefits of exports for U.S. jobs and in April nominated a new bank president and a member of the board.

Speeding up aircraft deliveries is seen as a priority for Tehran as President Hassan Rouhani’s government seeks to show results from the sanctions deal ahead of elections on May 19. Iran says the prospect of buying Western jets to renew its decaying fleet was built into the 2015 nuclear deal and that any barriers to completing the purchases would undermine the accord.

On the U.K. side, Prime Minister Theresa May’s recent decision to hold a snap election in early June means any new funding deal is unlikely to be finalized before then.

U.K. government agencies like UKEF avoid major new initiatives during campaigning and a deal involving a topic as sensitive as trade with Iran would need approval before it could go ahead.

Airbus said last week on an investors’ call that it hoped to receive some support from European export financing agencies this year.

But a source familiar with the process said it remained unclear how quickly UKEF would lift a temporary ban on Airbus funding as the U.K. and French fraud investigation continues. If UKEF provides support for Boeing deliveries, it would not be the first time, but it would be rare. The main proviso is that a certain proportion of parts in each jet need to be made in Britain – usually 20 percent.

For Boeing exports, that would typically mean the jets would have to have Rolls-Royce engines. The Boeing planes ordered by Iran all have engines made by U.S. supplier General Electric and its French partner Safran.

UKEF has said in the past it recognizes the need to be flexible on foreign content in view of global supply chains.

People who have dealt with the agency before say it may be able to consider equipment bought by Boeing from British companies.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on May 05, 2017, on page 4.




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